Residential design – a dynamic and flexible field. It is not like mechanical design or construction items that can be easily standardized, it is very diverse and different, depending on the place with specific spaces and in other regions. together. Difference is also a motivating factor to create cities with identity. If there are more normative standards or design guidelines, they should only be basic requirements and stop at general principles. Please follow this article from VixCons about Residential design area.
Right after the country entered the doi moi period, construction work took place everywhere in our country. Residential areas have the opportunity to be developed at a fast pace, on a large scale and quite comprehensive in most respects.
Residential design is a specialized field. It needs to be determined proactively right from the general planning concept step of the planning project. It can’t just be the orientation by the typical design details of the detailed planning step. This must be a comprehensive step to concretize from the issues of the overall space of the urban infrastructure system to the details of the urban landscape. This is the step to form a complete system of records, meeting a sequence of construction plans and detailed estimates of the design area.
We all know that residential design is not just what people see every day. Because it’s like a miniature society. But the end result of urban design is what people perceive, it exists every day in an increasingly modern living environment. It affects people in all space and time, so this is a very sensitive issue.
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Plans for site clearance, resettlement and plans to support the construction of technical infrastructure;
Architectural design plans for works in urban areas and works with architectural requirements;
The project exploitation plan and the use of labor;
Implementation segment, implementation schedule and project management form.
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Design of residential areas shall be carried out during the formulation stage of work construction investment projects on the basis of the selected design plan, ensuring the presentation of the main technical parameters in accordance with regulations, standards, and standards. standards are applied, which is the basis for implementing the next design steps.
1 residential area design includes 2 parts: Basic design content including explanation and drawing part
With a team of engineers graduated from famous universities at home and abroad, Thien Minh has been trusted by the investor to design and supervise the actual construction of many residential projects, bringing the best solutions. optimal design method, safe and saving investment costs and construction time.
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The design of each household’s garden is a planning drawing of the garden, including:
+ Households propose ideas themselves, with the advice of village and commune officials and consultants to complete the diagram with the requirement of achieving the highest land use efficiency, ensuring crops and livestock the best growth and development, the highest economic efficiency, the green and beautiful environment.
+ On the basis of the design scheme, households will have standard garden decoration, minimizing wasteful destruction. Structures should be arranged in advance (including garden paths, irrigation and drainage systems for daily living); Prioritize planting perennial trees, especially fruit trees…
+ Livestock barns must be at least 5 m away from houses and water supply works; ensure hygiene (waste, wastewater must be treated before being discharged into the environment); not adversely affect the community; Arranged from front to back so that it is hygienic and creates a beautiful landscape, for households raising pigs with a scale of more than 5 pigs / litter, it is recommended to build a biogas tank so as not to pollute the surrounding environment.
Arrange to plant green plants such as sweet cotton, plum tea, hibiscus… as rows of trees on both sides of the house’s entrance to create a green, beautiful landscape, create clean, clean lips, close to the house and body. benevolent.
+ Each household has a drainage ditch from inside the house to the alley or to the back of the garden. Before exiting, it is preliminarily treated.
There are 2 criteria (priority is to “green” the fence)
3.1. Green fence. Appropriate pruning so that the trees reach approximately the same height and equal thickness with the appropriate height between the house and adjacent households.
+ For households that do not have green fences: support and advice on plant varieties for planting.
3.2. Constructed fences, iron fences must be covered with green or planted more trees outside the fence with shady trees and vines. (if already built).
For example: Five-year-old trees, paper flowers…
There are 3 criteria:
4.1. The village trunk road of the sample residential area is asphalt or concrete (according to regulations: The main road of the village and inter-village is 3.5m wide, the roadbed is 5m wide; the alleyway is 3m wide, the roadbed is wide. 4m, with drains on both sides).
4.2. Building, expanding and upgrading roads in residential areas, ensuring roads in residential areas meet traffic standards for each road grade.
4.3. Roads in residential areas are guaranteed to have a green, clean and beautiful environment.
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There are 6 criteria
5.1. The land area of the cultural house is from 500 m2 or more
– The cultural house must have 100 seats or more. However, depending on the condition of the number of households/villages to build a cultural house to meet the seating needs….
5.2. Regularly organize cultural, artistic and sports activities of the village.
5.3. Flower gardens and ornamental plants are designed and planted with suitable tree species.
5.4. Green tree planting area (about 10% of land for cultural houses); Design and plant trees such as mango, milkweed, longan, etc. or some other shade trees;
5.5. Area of sports, at least 2,000m2 or more, can be used for volleyball, badminton… (not necessarily attached to the House of Culture).
5.6. There are gates; protective fences (green fence or other fence covered with green trees).
– For the case of built fences or barbed wire: Plant vines on the green fence walls (climbing flowers).
There are 3 criterias:
6.1. Electricity in operation must ensure the technical requirements of the electricity industry, coordinate with the Electricity Branch to regularly check, maintain and maintain the electricity protection corridor to ensure compliance with regulations..
6.2. Electrical lighting ensures appropriate technical and aesthetic requirements.
6.3. There is an electric lighting system on the roads at night.
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