Solar power is becoming the future’s trend because it is considered a clean renewable energy source that can bring many benefits and also is environmentally friendly. So what is a solar power system? What is the structure or operating principle of the solar power system? Even what types of solar power systems? Please follow VixCons’s article.

What is the definition of a solar power system?

The solar power system is a system that has benefits to convert sunlight directly into electricity through layers of solar cells. Solar energy provides an unlimited source of energy without CO2 emissions. And even it is free because it is a clean renewable energy source.

Solar energy provides an unlimited source of energy without CO2 emissions

Solar energy provides an unlimited source of energy without CO2 emissions


Structure of the solar power system

A solar power system consists of a solar panel, an inverter, a solar charger and a storage battery system. Each part plays different important roles to create an extremely efficient solar power system, specifically as follows:

  • Solar battery system: A solar cell’s basic component is a pure silicon wafer with a large number of light sensors on the surface, which are geo-optic diodes with the primary purpose of gathering and converting solar energy. The sun converts sunlight into electricity, which is subsequently used to power the system.
  • Inverter: The main function of an inverter is to convert the DC power from a solar cell to an AC power system for use.
  • Solar charging: Ensures that energy is transferred from solar panels to the battery system. This improves the battery’s performance and extends its life.
  • Battery storage system: Because of the fixed lighting time, solar power cannot be produced continually. As a result, electricity is stored in batteries. When the grid goes down or the solar panels don’t provide enough power, the storage battery will take over the load from the grid.

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Working principle of solar power system

The functioning mechanism of the solar power system is based on the photoelectric effect in physics, as can be observed from the structure. The installation of solar panels on the roof or in areas with abundant sunshine. The panels absorb photons from the sun and convert them to DC electricity.

Direct current will be converted to AC with the same capacity and frequency as grid-connected electricity via the inverter converter.

After that, solar charging will be used to fully charge the storage battery, and the system will progressively integrate into the state electrical grid. The consuming load will then receive power from both power sources. When switching to grid power, the system will prioritize using solar power when the solar power system is not producing and providing power.

Working principle of solar power system

Working principle of solar power system

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Advantages & Disadvantages of Solar Power


  • Renewable energy source

Aside from the advantages of solar panels, it is also vital to note that, unlike other fossil fuels, this energy is renewable. Non-renewable fuel sources include coal, gas, and other fossil fuels. They are mined in every country on the planet. According to NASA, mankind has been fuelled by sunlight for around 6.5 billion years.

  • Ecologically clean solar power

Solar energy is regarded as the most promising field for protecting the environment from global warming in the national campaign for environmental protection. Solar energy converts energy from nonrenewable fuel sources into usable energy, and the system produces no hazardous emissions into the atmosphere, even throughout the manufacturing and installation process.


  • Increase the value and aesthetics of the project

Construction projects would become more sophisticated and appealing after installing a solar power system. Solar power systems add value to a property that is worth more than the initial investment.

  • High efficiency low maintenance cost

Households and companies can save a lot of money with this electricity system. Because the system does not rely on batteries, organizations will save money on investment, maintenance, and upkeep.

  • Technological development

Solar energy industry technology is constantly improving and developing in the future. Innovations in quantum physics and nanotechnology have the potential to increase the capacity of solar panels many times over.

Technological development

Technological development

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  • Rely on weather

Solar panels rely on sunshine to function. As a result, on gloomy and wet days, the power system will produce significantly low electricity, making evening generation problematic. Solar energy, on the other hand, is the most cost-effective option when compared to wind energy.

  • Make extensive use of space

Solar panels are typically used to generate power since the more light you have, the more electricity you can collect.

Solar panels require room, and some roofs may not have enough area to accommodate the quantity of solar panels you desire. However, in the future, the growth of the renewable energy business will be a potential industry for meeting human electrical demands while minimizing the limitations listed above.

Classification of solar power systems

There are 3 forms of solar power installation: On Grid, Off Grid and Hybrid.

  • On-grid system: This is the most popular system. The solar energy generated by this system is mostly used to power electrical equipment. When the amount of electricity consumed exceeds the amount generated by the solar power system, the system will draw power from the national grid.
  • Off grid system: Its feature is not dependent on grid power. With this system, electricity will be produced and then transferred to the batteries to store electricity.
  • Hybrid system: The system is a combination of On-grid and Off-grid systems. So it can both connect to the national grid and have a battery to store electricity for when needed.


Above are the sharing of VixCons about the solar power system, the structure as well as the operating principle of the solar power system. Hope these are helpful to you. If you have any questions as well as need a quote for a solar power installation system, please contact us for specific advice from leading experts!

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